What are green bonds?

Green and social impact investing involves purchasing bonds where the proceeds are earmarked for projects which support a low-carbon economy or the basic needs of underserved populations and communities. They help finance a myriad of initiatives, including renewable energy, pollution prevention, access to healthcare, affordable housing and female empowerment.

The green bond market was born in 2007, when the first green bond was issued by the European Investment Bank (EIB). Since then, it has developed very rapidly, counting supranational bodies, corporations, financial institutions, administrations, and public entities and governments among the issuers. In just a decade, green bonds have grown to become a significant international market, attracting the attention of investors engaged in the decarbonisation of assets.

Today, there is still no standard for green bonds. The International Capital Markets Association (ICMA), however, has established the Green Bond Principles, a set of guidelines made available to green bond issuers emphasising that the proceeds from these bonds must be used for projects that are of environmental interest and stressing the importance of transparent reporting.

Why consider investing in green bonds?

The green bond universe has changed significantly since the first issue in 2007. The 2015 Paris Conference on Climate Change (COP21), which set in motion the transition to a low-carbon economy, was a defining moment in this regard. Since then, a series of regulatory changes have been initiated, resulting in increased investor awareness of environmental issues. Green bonds have clearly benefited from this global commitment and the investment universe has grown remarkably.

As a result, green bonds have increasingly attracted the attention of investors engaged in the decarbonisation of their assets, due to the objectives set by the Paris Agreement. They are a potentially attractive instrument for both issuers and investors. On the one hand, the issuer attests to their commitment the energy transition. On the other hand, investors benefit from increased transparency as issuers undertake to publish an annual report setting out the evolution and impact of the financed projects.

As the green bond market grows, the list of issuers, regions and sectors is becoming increasingly diversified, and therefore more attractive to investors. This growing diversification along with a good balance between private and public issuers now enables the universe to offer a potentially attractive risk/return profile, making it a credible alternative to the conventional bond universe.

Green bonds can provide a transparent tool to finance environmentally-friendly projects at no additional cost. The price of a bond normally reflects the financial risk associated with its issuer – the  same applies to a green bond. So, there is no justified structural difference in terms of issue price or financial performance between a green bond and its traditional equivalent. Investors therefore have the opportunity to add transparency and environmental impact to their portfolio without taking additional risks or paying a higher price.

Our Green Bonds strategy

At AXA IM, our green bonds strategy is a purist approach which combines our extensive resources in global, active fixed income investing with our proprietary green bond framework and ESG scoring methodology.

Not all green bonds are equal, and it is essential to have a rigorous approach to ensure a real environmental benefit and avoid supporting any ‘green-washing’. At AXA IM, we have developed our own framework for assessment. This framework not only drives responsible investments towards authentic green projects but also looks to raise the standards of the whole market. Our analysts meet many issuers to discuss their businesses and to explain our framework. We also often use these opportunities to engage the issuers by sharing market best practices and areas where they can strengthen their sustainable financing approach. Our goal is to highlight what we expect from them in terms of their issuance, and if necessary, help them improve their broader sustainability related strategy.

Our green bond framework

Using AXA IM’s green bonds framework, we seek to invest only in those green bond projects which provide a material benefit to the environment. The aim is that only the most relevant and impactful projects receive the necessary financing.

Our proprietary framework is composed of four pillars for choosing an investment:

  • Does the green bond fit with the bond issuer’s environmental objectives?
  • Will the project have a clear impact beyond the issuer’s business as usual?
  • Do we know that the proceeds will finance what they are supposed to?
  • How does the issuer plan to track the progress of the project and measure impact?
Responsible Investing

Green, social and sustainability bonds

An update on our assessment framework

View framework

We focus on bonds which provide benefits in one of four key environmental themes:

  • Smart energy solutions
  • Low carbon transportation
  • Green buildings
  • Sustainable ecosystems

We aim to provide transparent and measurable impact metrics focused on UN Sustainable Development Goals contribution towards environmental and societal issues, including: 

Image
Image
Image
UN SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities
Image
UN SDG 13: Climate action
Our ACT Climate Range strategies

Our ACT range is designed to enable our clients to take action on global issues such as climate change through their investments. These strategies go beyond ESG integration, either following a process in which investment decisions are driven by ESG themes or seeking out intentional, positive, measurable and sustainable impact.

ACT range

Clean Tech

Innovative companies are creating solutions to address pressures on scarce natural resources and the need for greenhouse gas emission reduction.

ACT range

Multi-asset impact investing

Our impact approach is about investing in prosperity for people and prosperity for the planet.

ACT range

US high yield low carbon

We believe the global economy has entered a ‘decade of transition’ towards a more sustainable, de-carbonised model.

ACT range

Buy and maintain

Our goal is to give clients the ability to AIM for net zero and align with the Paris Agreement decarbonisation pathway.

Related Articles

Umweltschutz

Die Klimakrise: Eine Herausforderung für Assetmanager

  • 10 November 2021
  • 5 Minuten zum Lesen
Umweltschutz

Die Angst vor Greenwashing darf dem Wandel nicht im Wege stehen

  • 14 September 2021
  • 7 Minuten zum Lesen
Umweltschutz

CO2-Ausgleichszahlungen: Eine gute Sache – bei strenger Kontrolle und mit genauen Regeln

  • 14 September 2021
  • 10 Minuten zum Lesen
RESPONSIBLE INVESTING

Our responsible investing approach

Discover more about responsible investing with AXA Investment Managers

Find out more

    Rechtliche Hinweise

    Nur für professionelle Kunden / nicht für Privat-/Kleinanleger. Bei diesem Dokument handelt es sich um Werbematerial und um kein investmentrechtliches Pflichtdokument. 

    Anlagen enthalten Risiken, einschließlich dem des Kapitalverlustes. Die hier von AXA Investment Managers Deutschland GmbH bzw. mit ihr verbundenen Unternehmen („AXA IM DE“) bereitgestellten Informationen stellen weder ein Angebot zum Kauf bzw. Verkauf von Fondsanteilen noch ein Angebot zur Inanspruchnahme von Finanzdienstleistungen dar.

    Die Angaben in diesem Dokument sind keine Entscheidungshilfe oder Anlageempfehlung, (aufsichts-) rechtliche oder steuerliche Beratung durch AXA Investment Managers Deutschland GmbH bzw. mit ihr verbundenen Unternehmen („AXA IM DE“), sondern werden ausschließlich zu Informationszwecken zur Verfügung gestellt. Die vereinfachte Darstellung bietet keine vollständige Information und kann subjektiv sein.

    Dieses Dokument dient ausschließlich zu Informationszwecken des Empfängers. Eine Weitergabe an Dritte ist weder ganz noch teilweise gestattet. Wir weisen darauf hin, dass diese Mitteilung nicht den Anforderungen der jeweils anwendbaren Richtlinie 2004/39/EG bzw. 2014/65/EU (MiFID/ MiFID II) und der zu diesen ergangenen Richtlinien und Verordnungen entspricht. Das Dokument ist damit für jegliche Form des Vertriebs, der Beratung oder der Finanzdienstleistung nicht geeignet.

    Die in diesem Dokument von AXA IM DE zur Verfügung gestellten Informationen, Daten, Zahlen, Meinungen, Aussagen, Analysen, Prognose- und Simulationsdarstellungen, Konzepte sowie sonstigen Angaben beruhen auf unserem Sach- und Kenntnisstand zum Zeitpunkt der Erstellung. Die genannten Angaben können jederzeit ohne Hinweis geändert werden und können infolge vereinfachter Darstellungen subjektiv sein. Eine Haftung oder Garantie für die Aktualität, Richtigkeit und Vollständigkeit der zur Verfügung gestellten Informationen wird nicht übernommen. Soweit die in diesem Dokument enthaltenen Daten von Dritten stammen, übernehmen AXA IM DE für die Richtigkeit, Vollständigkeit, Aktualität und Angemessenheit dieser Daten keine Gewähr, auch wenn nur solche Daten verwendet werden, die als zuverlässig erachtet werden.

    Wertentwicklungsergebnisse der Vergangenheit bieten keine Gewähr und sind kein Indikator für die Zukunft. Wert und Rendite einer Anlage in Fonds können steigen und fallen und werden nicht garantiert.

    Informationen über Mitarbeiter von AXA Investment Managers dienen lediglich Informationszwecken und sind stichtagsbezogen. Ein Weiterbeschäftigungsverhältnis mit diesen Mitarbeitern wird nicht garantiert.